Chronological List of Prominent Hanafi Jurists-English

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Chronological List of Prominent Hanafi Jurists

The importance of knowing the dates of birth/death of the scholars cannot be stressed enough. For one, it savesnice4 a researcher from obvious blunders and inaccurate referencing. Many a times, several scholars or books share the same name but are from entirely different eras. Thus, when a scholar like Ibn ‘Ābidīn quotes “al-Lubāb,” for example, it is obvious that he is referring to a book other than that of his student, ‘Abd al-Ghanī al-Ghunaymī.

The following is a chart of the names, birth/death dates, and works of major Hanafī jurists, starting from the Imām of the Madhhab until the jurists of the present century. In this chart, we have sufficed on the relatively prominent jurists, as otherwise, there would be no end to the list. Many other Hanafī scholars could have been added, but were omitted due to their prominence in fields besides Fiqh. Wherever possible, both the dates of birth and death were mentioned. Otherwise, only the date of death is mentioned, preceded by the abbreviation, “d.” When an approximate date is mentioned, it is preceded by “ca.” (circa). The abbreviation “p.” means “post.”

It should be noted that the purpose of this chart is to serve as an easy reference for those searching for the names and birth/death dates of major Hanafī jurists. Those who are interested in detailed biographical entries of these jurists should refer to the relevant works, such as Tarīkh Baghdād of al-Khatīb al-Baghdādī, al-Jawāhir al-Mudiyyah of al-Qurashī, Tāj al-Tarājim of Qāsim ibn Qutlūbughā, al-Fawā’id al-Bahiyyah of al-Laknawī, and al-A‘lām of al-Ziriklī etc. The references for each entry alongside additional information is provided in the Arabic chart.

I would like to extend my gratitude to all those who have assisted me in compiling this list, in particular my beloved teacher Mufti Husain Kadodia and my fellow colleague Mufti Zameelur Rahman.

Readers are requested to notify the compiler of any errors or necessary changes.

 

Muntasir Zaman

 

Click here to download the English list of Hanafi jurists

Click here for Arabic chart


 

Jurist

Work/s

Date (AH)

SECOND CENTURY

Abū Hanīfah al-Nu‘mān ibn Thābit Kitāb al-Āthār 80-150
Abū Yūsuf Ya‘qūb ibn Ibrāhīm Al-Amālī/Kitāb al-Kharāj 113-182
Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybānī Al-Asl, al-Jāmi‘ al-Saghīr/al-Kabīr, al-Ziyādāt, al-Siyar al-Kabīr 132-189
Zufar ibn al-Hudhayl 110-158

THIRD CENTURY

Al-Hasan ibn Ziyād al-Lu’lu’ī Al-Mujarrad d. 204
Abū Sulaymān Mūsā al-Jūzajānī Nawādir Abī Sulaymān d. p. 200
Mu‘allā ibn Mansūr al-Rāzī Nawādir Mu‘āllā ibn Mansūr ca. 150-211
Abū Hafs al-Kabīr al-Bukhārī 150-217
‘Īsā ibn Abān Al-Hujaj al-Saghīr/ al-Hujaj al-Kabīr d. 221
Muhammad ibn Samā‘ah al-Tamīmī Kitāb Adab al-Qādī 130-233
Ahmad ibn ‘Amr al-Khassāf Kitāb Ahkām al-Awqāf ca. 185-261
Muhammad ibn Shujā‘ al-Thaljī Kitāb al-Manāsik 181-266

FOURTH CENTURY

Abū Ja‘far Ahmad al-Tahāwī Sharh Ma‘ānī al-Āthār/al-Mukhtasar 239-321
Abū Mansūr al-Māturīdī Kitāb al-Tawhīd/ Ta’wīlāt Ahl al-Sunnah d. 333
Muhammad al-Hākim al-Shahīd Al-Kāfī (Mukhatsar al-Asl) d. 334
Abu ‘l-Hasan al-Karkhī Mukhtasar al-Karkhī 260-340
Abū Bakr al-Jassās al-Rāzī Ahkām al-Qur’ān, Sharh Mukhtasar al-Tahāwī 305-370
Abū Ja‘far al-Hiduwānī Sharh al-Jāmi‘ al-Saghīr 300-362
Abu ‘l-Layth al-Samarqandi (al-Faqīh) Al-Nawāzil/‘Uyūn al-Masā’il d. 373

FIFTH CENTURY

Abu ‘l-Husayn Ahmad al-Qudūrī Mukhtasar al-Qudūrī/al-Tajrīd 362-428
Abū Zayd ‘Ubayd Allāh al-Dabūsī Taqwīm al-Adillah 367-430
Abu ‘l-‘Abbās Ahmad al-Nātifī Kitāb Jumal al-Ahkām/al-Wāqi‘āt d. 446
Shams al-A’immah al-Halwānī Al-Mabsūt d. 448
Abu ‘l-Hasan ‘Alī al-Sughdī Al-Nutaf fī ‘l-Fatāwā d. 461
Abū Nasr Ahmad al-Aqta‘ Sharh Mukhtasar al-Qudūrī d. 474
Al-Qādī Ahmad ibn Mansūr al-Isbījābī Sharh al-Jāmi‘ al-Saghīr d. 480
Fakhr al-Islām ‘Alī al-Bazdawī ‘Usūl al-Bazdawī ca. 400-482
Shaykh al-Islām Khuwāhar Zādah Al-Mabsūt d. 483
Shams al-A’immah al-Sarakhsī Al-Mabsūt/Sharh al-Siyar al-Kabīr d. ca. 490

SIXTH CENTURY

Zahīr al-Dīn al-Marghīnānī al-Kabīr d. 506
Shaykh al-Islām ‘Alī al-Isbījābī Sharh Mukhtasar al-Tahāwī 454-535
Husām al-Dīn al-Sadr al-Shahīd Al-Wāqi‘āt/Sharh Adab al-Qādī 483-536
Najm al-Dīn ‘Umar al-Nasafī Talabah al-Talabah 461-537
‘Alā’ al-Dīn Muhammad al-Samarqandī Tuhfat al-Fuqahā’ d. 539
Jār Allāh Mahmūd al-Zamakhsharī Ru’ūs al-Masā’il 467-538
Abu ‘l-Fath ‘Abd al-Rashīd al-Walwālijī Al-Fatāwā al-Walwālijiyyah 467- p. 540
Ahmad ibn Mūsā al-Kashshī Majmū‘ al-Nawāzil d. ca. 550
Nāsir al-Dīn Muhammad al-Samarqandī Al-Fiqh al-Nāfi‘/al-Multaqat d. 556
Rukn al-Dīn al-Kirānī Jawāhir al-Fatāwā d. 565
Sirāj al-Dīn ‘Alī al-Ūshī Al-Fatāwā al-Sirājiyyah, Bad’ al-Amālī d. p. 569
Abu ‘l-Mużżaffar As‘ad al-Karābīsī Al-Furūq d. 570
Radī al-Dīn Muhammad al-Sarakhsī Al-Muhīt al-Ridawī d. 571
Abū Nasr Ahmad al-‘Attābī Al-Fatāwā al-‘Attābiyyah/Sharh al-Ziyādāt d. 586
Abū Bakr ibn Mas‘ūd al-Kāsānī Badā’i‘ al-Sanā’i‘ d. 587
Hasan ibn Mansūr QādīKhān Fatāwā QādīKhān d. 592
‘Alī ibn Abī Bakr al-Marghīnānī Al-Hidāyāh/al-Tajnīs d. 593
Jamāl al-Dīn Ahmad al-Ghaznawī Al-Hāwī al-Qudsī d. 593
Husām al-Dīn ‘Alī al-Rāzī Khulāsat al-Dalā’il fī Tanqīh al-Masā’il d. 598

SEVENTH CENTURY

Tāhir ibn Ahmad al-Bukhārī Khulāsat al-Fatāwā d. p. 600
Burhān al-Dīn Mahmūd al-Bukhārī Al-Muhīt al-Burhānī/al-Dhakhīrah al-Burhāniyyah d. 616
Zahīr al-Dīn Muhammad al-Bukhārī Al-Fatāwā al-Zahīriyyah d. 619
Majd al-Dīn Muhammad al-Usrūshnī Al-Fusūl d. 633
Shams al-A’immah al-Kardarī Sharh al-Muntakhab al-Husāmī 559-642
‘Abd al-Rahīm Hafīd Sahib al-Hidāyāh Fusūl al-‘Imādi d. p. 651
‘Alā’ al-Dīn al-Tarjumānī Yatīmat al-Dahr d. 654
Najm al-Dīn Mukhtār al-Zāhidī Al-Qunyah/al-Hāwī/al-Mujtabā d. 658
Zayn al-Dīn Muhammad al-Rāzī Tuhfat al-Mulūk 610- p.666
Tāj al-Sharī‘ah Mahmūd ibn Ahmad Al-Wiqāyah d. 673
Jalāl al-Dīn al-Karlānī Al-Kifāyah (Sharh al-Hidāyah) d. 676
Abu ‘l-Fadl ‘Abd Allāh al-Mawsilī Al-Mukhtār li ‘l-Fatwā/al-Ikhtiyār 599-683
Mużżaffar al-Dīn Ahmad-Ibn al-Sā‘ātī Majma‘ al-Bahrayn d. 694

EIGHTH CENTURY

‘Umar ibn Muhammad al-Sunnāmī

Nisāb al-Ihtisāb/al-Fatāwā al-Diyā’iyyah First half of 7th century-first quarter of 8th century
Dāwūd ibn Yūsuf al-Khatīb Al-Fatāwā al-Ghiyāthiyya First half of 8th century
Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Kāshgharī Munyat al-Musallī d. 705
Hāfiż al-Dīn Abu ‘l-Barakāt al-Nasafī Al-Manār/Kanz al-Daqā’iq/al-Kāfī ca. 620- 710
Abu ‘l-‘Abbās Ahmad al-Sarūjī Al-Ghāyah (Sharh al-Hidāyah) 637-710
Husām al-Dīn Husayn al-Sighnāqī Al-Nihāyah/al-Kāfī Sharh Usūl al-Bazdawī d. ca. 714
Fakhr al-Dīn ‘Uthmān al-Zayla‘ī Tabyīn al-Haqā’iq d. 743
Sadr al-Sharī‘ah ‘Ubayd Allāh ibn Masū‘d Sharh al-Wiqāyah/al-Nuqāyah d. 745 or 747
Qiwām al-Dīn Muhammad al-Kākī Mi‘rāj al-Dirāyah d. 749
Amīr Kātib al-Itqānī Ghāyat al-Bayān/al-Shāmil 685-758
Ibrahīn ibn ‘Alī al-Tarasūsī Anfa‘ al-Wasā’il (al-Fatawā al-Tarasusiyya) 721-758
Jamāl al-Dīn ‘Abd Allāh al-Zayla‘ī Nasb al-Rāyah d. 762
‘Abd al-Wahhāb ibn Ahmad-Ibn Wahbān Manżūmat Ibn Wahbān 728-768
Tāhir ibn Islām al-Khāwrzamī Jawāhir al-Fiqh d. p. 771
Sirāj al-Dīn ‘Umar al-Ghaznawī al-Hindī Zubdat al-Ahkām ca. 704-773
‘Ālim ibn al-‘Alā’ al-Andarpatī Al-Fatāwā al-Tātarkhāniyyah d. 786
Akmal al-Dīn Muhammad al-Bābartī Al-‘Ināyah/al-Taqrīr ca. 710-786
Shams al-Dīn Muhammad al-Qūnawī Durar al-Bihār/Sharh Majma‘ al-Bahrayn d. 788

NINTH CENTURY

Abū Bakr ibn ‘Alī al-Haddād Al-Sirāj al-Wahhāj/al-Jawharah al-Nayyirah 720-800
‘Abd al-Latīf- Ibn Malak Sharh al-Manār d. 801
Mahmūd ibn Isrā’īl-Ibn Qādī Samāwna Jāmi‘ al-Fusūlayn/Latā’if al-Ishārāt d. 818 or 823
Muhammad al-Bazzāzī al-Kardarī Al-Fatāwā al-Bazzāziyyah d. 827
Sirāj al-Dīn Abū Hafs ‘Umar Qāri’ al-Hidāyah Fatāwā Qāri’ al-Hidāyah ca. 750-829
Abu ‘l-Hasan ‘Alī al-Tarabulusī Mu‘īn al-Hukkām d. 844
Abu ‘l-Baqā’ Muhammad- Ibn al-Diyā’ Al-Bahr al-‘Amīq/Tārīkh Makkah 789-854
Badr al-Dīn Mahmūd al-‘Aynī Al-Bināyah/Ramz al-Haqā’iq 762-855
Kamāl al-Dīn- Ibn al-Humām Fath al-Qadīr/Zād al-Faqīr 788-861
Abu ‘l-Fidā’ Qāsim ibn Qutlūbughā Al-Tashīh wa al-Tarjīh/Munyat al-Alma‘ī 802-879
Shams al-Dīn- Ibn Amīr Hājj Halabat al-Mujallī/al-Taqrīr wa al-Tahbīr 825-879
Muhammad ibn Farāmurz Mullā Khusrū Ghurar al-Ahkām/Durar al-Hukkām d. 885

TENTH CENTURY

Sarī al-Dīn ‘Abd al-Barr-Ibn Shihnah Sharh Manżūmat Ibn Wahbān 851-921
Ibrāhīm ibn Mūsā al-Tārbulusī Al-Is‘āf lī Ahkām al-Awqāf d. 853-922
Ahmad ibn Sulaymān- Ibn Kamāl Pāshā Al-Īdāh fī Sharh al-Islāh d. 940
Ahmad ibn Yūnus Ibn al-Shilbī  Hashiyat Tabyīn al-Haqā’iq d. 947
Shams al-Dīn Muhammad al-Quhustānī Jāmi‘ al-Rumūz/Jāmi‘ al-Mabānī d. ca. 950
Ibrāhīm ibn Muhammad al-Halabī Multāqa ‘l-Abhur/Ghunyat al-Mutamallī d. 956
Zayn al-Dīn ibn Ibrāhīm- Ibn al-Nujaym Al-Bahr al-Rā’iq/al-Ashbāh wa al-Nżā’ir d. 970
Muhammad ibn Bīr ‘Ali al-Birgawī Al-Tarīqah al-Muhammadiyyah 929-981
Muhammad al-Mawlā Abū al-Su‘ūd Tafsīr Abī al-Su‘ūd 898-982
Sinān al-Dīn Yūsuf al-Amāsī Tabyīn al-Mahārīm 893-986
Ahmad ibn Mahmūd Qādī Zādah Natā’ij al-Afkār (Takmilah Fath al-Qadīr) d. 988
Rahmat Allāh al-Sindī Lubāb al-Manāsik ca. 933-993

ELEVENTH CENTURY

Sirāj al-Dīn ‘Umar ibn Ibrāhīm-Ibn Nujaym Al-Nahr al-Fā’iq d. 1005
Shihāb al-Dīn al-Tumurtāshī al-Ghazzī Tanwīr al-Absār/Mus‘ifat al-Hukkām 939- ca. 1007
Alī ibn Sultān Mullā ‘Alī al-Qārī Fath Bāb al-‘Ināyah/Mirqāt al-Mafātīh d. 1014
Abū Muhammad al-Baghdādī Majma‘ al-Damānāt d. ca. 1030
Ismā‘īl ibn ‘Abd al-Ghanī al-Nābulusī Al-Ahkām (Sharh Durar al-Hukkām) 1017-1062
Abu ‘l-Ikhlās Hasan al-Shurunbulālī Nūr al-Idāh/al-Ghunyah Hāshiyah ‘ala l-Durar 994-1069
‘Abd al-Rahmān-Shaykhī Zādah-al-Dāmād Majma‘ al-Anhur d. 1078
Khayr al-Dīn ibn Ahamd al-Ramlī Al-Fatāwā al-Khayriyyah 993-1081
‘Abd al-Qādir ibn Yūsuf Qadrī Afandī Wāqi‘āt al-Muftīn 1014-1083
Niżām al-Dīn al-Burhānfūrī & other scholars Al-Fatāwā al-‘Ālamgīriyyah                                      (compiled 1077-1086)
‘Alā’ al-Dīn Muhammad al-Haskafī Al-Durr al-Mukhtār/al-Durr al-Muntaqā 1025-1088
Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Hamawī Ghamz ‘Uyūn al-Basā’ir d. 1098
Shaykh al-Islām Muhammad al-Anqarawī Al-Fatāwā al-Anqarawiyyah ca. 1028-1098
Ibrāhim ibn Husayn ibn Ahmad ibn Bīrī ‘Umdat Dhawī al-Basā’ir 1023-1099

TWELFTH CENTURY

As‘ad ibn Abī Bakr al-Uskudārī al-Madanī Al-Fatāwā al-As‘adiyyah 1050-1116
‘Abd al-Ghanī ibn Ismā‘īl al-Nablusī Nihāyat al-Murād/al-Jawhar al-Kalī 1050-1143
Abū al-Su‘ūd al-Azharī Fath Allāh al-Mu‘īn d. 1172
Abū Sa‘īd Muhammad al-Khādimī Al-Barīqah al-Mahmūdiyyah 1113-1176
Muhmmad Hāshim al-Tatawī Fākihat al-Bustān 1104-1174
Ibrāhīm ibn Mustafā al-Madhārī al-Halabī Tuhfat al-Akhyār d. 1190
Mustafā ibn Muhammad al-Tā’ī Tawfīq al-Rahmān 1138-1192

THIRTEENTH CENTURY

Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Tahtāwī Hāshiyat al-Tahtāwī ‘alā al-Durr d. 1231
Muhammad Amīn- Ibn ‘Ābidīn al-Shāmī Rad al-Muhtār/al-’Uqūd al-durriyyah 1198-1252
Muhammad ‘Ābid al-Sindī al-Madanī Tawāli‘ al-Anwār 1190-1257
’Abd al-Ghanī al-Ghunaymī al-Maydīnī Al-Lubāb fī Sharh al-Kitāb 1222-1298

FOURTEENTH CENTURY

Abu ‘l-Hasanāt ‘Abd al-Hayy al-Laknawī ‘Umdat al-Ri‘āyah/al-Si‘āyah 1264-1304
Shīhāb al-Dīn al-Marjānī Nāżūrat al-Haqq 1233-1306
‘Alā’ al-Dīn Muhammad Ibn ‘Ābidīn Al-Hadiyyah al-‘Alā’iyyah 1244-1306
Muhammad al-‘Abbāsī al-Mahdī Al-Fatāwā al-Mahdiyyah 1243-1315
Muhammad Kāmil al-Tarabulsī Al-Fatāwā al-Kāmiliyyah 1244-1315
Amīn ‘Alī Haydar Afandī Durar al-Hukkām (Sharh al-Majallah)  d. 1321
Rashīd Ahmad Gangohī Fatāwa Rashīdiyyah 1244-1323
‘Abd al-Qādir al-Rāfi‘ī Taqrīr ‘alā al-Durr al-Mukhtār 1248-1323
Muhammad Khālid al-Atāsī Sharh Majjalat al-Ahkām 1253-1326
‘Azīzur Rahmān ‘Uthmānī ‘Azīz al-Fatāwā 1275-1347
Khalīl ibn ‘Abd al-Qādir Al-Nahlāwī Al-Durar al-Mubāhah d. 1350
Muhammad Bakhīt al-Mutī‘ī Fatāwā Bakhīt al-Mutī‘ī 1271-1354
Ahmad ibn Muhammad Zarqā Sharh Qawā‘id al-Fiqhiyyah 1285-1357
Afhraf ‘Alī Thānawī Imdād al-Fatāwā 1280-1362
Kifāyatullāh Dehlawī Kifāyat al-Muftī 1292-1372
Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Kurdī Al-Fatāwā al-Halabiyyah 1297-1373
Zafar Ahmad ‘Uthmānī Imadād al-Ahkām/I‘lā’ al-Sunan 1310-1394
Muhammad Shafī‘ Deobandī Jawāhir al-Fiqh, Imdād al-Muftīn 1314-1396

FIFTEENTH CENTURY

Mahmūd Hasan Gangohī Fatāwā Mahmūdiyyah 1325-1417
Niżāmud Dīn A‘żamī Niżām al-Fatāwā 1328-1420
‘Abdur Rahīm Lajpūrī Fatāwā Rahīmiyyah 1321-1422
Rashīd Ahmad Ludhyānwī Ahsan al-Fatāwā 1341–1422

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7 thoughts on “Chronological List of Prominent Hanafi Jurists-English

    Arslan said:
    June 2, 2014 at 6:30 pm

    No link for the Arabic chart?

    Arslan said:
    June 2, 2014 at 6:32 pm

    Never mind, updated now. JazaakAllah

    Muslim Blog said:
    June 4, 2014 at 11:07 am

    Very good resource masha Allah!

    shaaheenm said:
    July 21, 2015 at 8:31 pm

    quality!! mashallah

    Shariah Affairs said:
    November 25, 2015 at 1:42 pm

    Alhamdulillah I can humbly say that I was fortunate to be trained under the supervision of late Mufti Niżāmud Dīn A‘żamī while being a ifta student at Darul Uloom Deoband. A man of principle, saintly figure as well as an independent thinker who would always challenge the students to have an informed well versed independent thinking within the Hanafi School of Throught. May Allah shower him with mercy, forgiveness and elevate his status and enable us to follow the footsteps of pious predecessors.

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